Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula. It has an area of 6.7 km². The landscape is dominated by the limestone Rock of Gibraltar, home to over 32,000 people, primarily Gibraltarians.
Within the Rock lies over 32 miles of tunnelling, nearly twice the length of its entire road network. The tunnels of Gibraltar were constructed over the course of nearly 200 years.
The first tunnels, excavated in the late 18th century, served as communication passages between artillery positions and housed guns within embrasures cut into the North Face of the Rock.
Most of the Rock’s upper area is covered by a nature reserve which is home to around 230 Barbary Macaques these are the only wild monkeys found in Europe.
Over 500 different species of flowering plants grow on the Rock. Dolphins and whales are frequently seen in the bay of Gibraltar. Migrating birds are very common and Gibraltar is home to the only Barbary partridges found on the European continent. There are over 300 species of birds and Gibraltar is a key location to watch bird migration.
Gorham’s Cave is a sea-level cave, though not a sea cave, it is often mistaken for one. Considered to be one of the last known habitations of the Neanderthals in Europe, the cave gives its name to the Gorham’s Cave complex, which is a combination of four distinct caves of such importance that they are combined into a UNESCO World Heritage site, the only one in Gibraltar.
Gibraltar is popular with the sailing fraternity attracted by its Mediterranean climate. there are two marinas, Ocean Village and Queensway Quay.
The historic town centre reflects the many architectural styles of its long mixed heritage which embraces cultural styles from Britain, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Morocco, Minorca, India and Sephardic Jews from North Africa.
The Rock is also a popular shopping destination, and all goods and services are VAT free and its currency is Pound Sterling.